Lighting is the lighting required for stage performances. It is designed by the lighting designer according to the performance content of a script and the lighting that meets the theme and content of the performance according to the plot. Stage lighting equipment and various lighting components are used to arrange the position of the lamps and lanterns. , so that a certain light effect can be produced in the scene of the stage performance. When emphasizing the effect of stage lighting, this light effect must first have four functions: one is to meet the visual needs of the audience, the contrast of brightness and color; the other is to complete the shape of the stage performance image, which is a visual three-dimensional structure and express objects The lighting is arranged according to the texture, three-dimensionality and perspective of the stage space; the third is to use the direction, intensity, and color configuration of the light to fit the theme and content of the performance, help express the emotions and inner world of the characters, and show the plot; four. It is to form a kind of artistic conception and create a special artistic effect. In stage performance art, there is no space and time without lights, and there is no vision and feeling.
The lighting technology as its material support and some specific lighting methods with strong skills are important, but the lighting design with aesthetic value is the decisive factor why it becomes "art". The lighting method we pursue is a lighting method on the macro level with aesthetic significance. From a macro level analysis, or from the perspective of receiving aesthetics, lighting methods are basically divided into the following four types.
1. The multi-point lighting method is a classic lighting method. It uses the main light, secondary light, and backlight to light the stage performers or scenes, consciously create shadows on the performers or scenes, so that there are light and dark changes, and enhance the three-dimensional effect and space effect. Lighting is the most important means of stage modeling . 2. The large flat lighting method means that all the lights are cast on the performers and the scene regardless of their priority, so that the surface of the performers and the scene forms a uniform brightness, which does not highlight and does not conceal the characteristics of the performers and the scene, allowing the audience See everything at a glance.
The advantage of this lighting method is that the light is basically set up at one time, and there is no need to move it later, and it can better remove shadows. The disadvantage is that the light has no sense of hierarchy, and there is no charm of light and shadow. 3. Virtual lighting method It mainly uses special lamps to imitate a certain kind of weather in nature or a certain light in social life, resulting in an effect similar to natural simulation, which can also be called simulated lighting method.
The characteristic of the virtual lighting method is that there is only one main light direction, and there is only one main light in the whole scene. Of course, the only main light is often caused by multiple lamps, and rarely a single lamp. Regardless of the main light, auxiliary light, backlight, effect light, or decorative light, there is a realistic basis, that is, the light source can be found in the scene.
What kind of environment there is, there is what kind of light; what kind of light is there, there must be an environment that produces this kind of light. The environment is integrated with the light, just like a scene in nature or real life, real and natural. Fourth, the decorative lighting method refers to the use of certain lighting equipment to produce abstract patterns on the background of the picture, or to create a continuously changing three-dimensional "light" shape in the scene, which has no direct relationship with the performer, mainly To decorate and render the atmosphere, use a slide projector or a spotlight with a pattern plate to project patterns on gauze, curtains or smoke.
Use a variety of computer lights and laser lights to project 2D or 3D light shapes on the scene or in the air. As a lighting designer, it must be considered that light not only provides illumination, but also creates atmosphere and creates climax. As an important means of stage space performance, lighting is playing an increasingly important role in stage art.
From being only for the needs of lighting to now playing an active role, lighting is gradually actively participating in the performance. Light has a spiritual radiation effect. Once it penetrates into the emotional waves of the drama and integrates with the performance, the stage light can give the audience a feeling and an arousal, thereby generating psychological resonance and thinking association. The change of light color should be combined with the mood and emotion of the performance.
The creation of the artistic conception of light is the sublimation of stage light, the artistic expression of exaggeration, connotation and deepening, seeking the expressive power of stage light from the external visual intuition, to the psychological, inner world and expressing emotions through light. The creation of the artistic conception of stage light, thousands of words, concentrated on one point, is to express emotion. The creation of artistic conception injects the "new blood" of "love" into the stage characters, scenery, sentiment and atmosphere, so that the audience can add rich and colorful associations and enjoyment in the art appreciation.
At the same time, it enriches the expression vocabulary of stage light, makes the stage performance more vivid and diverse, and forms a rhythmic stage space.