1. Talking about Lighting Any dramatic performance, except for outdoor daytime performances, requires a group of lighting. And if lighting is only the only function of stage lighting, then as long as a group of fluorescent lamps are arranged to hang on the stage, it can provide a smooth and smooth light for actors and scenery props. However, obviously, stage lighting is more useful than general lighting. A group of efficient stage lighting can connect the visual elements of a production and increase the audience's enjoyment of watching the performance.
(1) What is "stage lighting"? The stage lighting has diversity and regularity. Its most important feature is that it can make the audience's emotions fluctuate with the changes in the color of the lights, and it can be closer to the plot and the emotions of the characters. The stage lighting includes: 1. Front lights (the lights of the catwalk in the ceiling above the auditorium), usually used as surface light. 2. Four rows of lights on the stage (the first row illuminates the faces of the actors, the second row illuminates the tops of the actors' heads to create a three-dimensional effect, the third row illuminates the lights behind, and the fourth row illuminates the scenery) 3. The sides of the left and right sides Lights These are the scope of a stage lighting designer.
Different lights, color chips, and angles can be arranged and combined to form thousands of differently designed lights. It not only enriches the expressions and movements of the actors, but also creates another time and space, especially in terms of creating an atmosphere and enhancing the mood. It has almost the same function as music, except that it uses lightness and color to symbolize and hint at the plot. Taking text as an example, actors and sets are real, and light is virtual. Designers need to use brainpower and technology to express abstract adjectives such as "melancholy" and "sorrowful".
So when you watch a performance of a play, you don't need narration or lines, but you can understand the season, climate, time, and emotional changes of the characters from the tone and brightness on the stage. Generally speaking, comedies use warm colors, while tragedies use cool colors. Of course, shadows without tones are also a very effective way of expression, and the director's conception of lighting is actually one of the main factors for him to maintain the consistent style of the whole play. Generally speaking, dim light is used in tragedies and horror films. , bright lights belong to the warm and optimistic theme.
(2) The function of lighting (1) Selective visibility and concentration: In the theater, we often use a sentence to describe the function of lighting: "We only show the audience what we want to show them." We light up the parts we want to show the audience, and leave the other parts in the dark; therefore, selective visibility is the layered and selective lighting of the lights according to the stage location or the importance of the characters. And because human eyes are particularly sensitive to light, when the stage is still lit, the audience will focus their eyes on the bright light; in other words, the light is equivalent to leading the audience to find the key points at any time during the performance searchlights.
(2) Presenting the set time and space conditions: In some scenes, the conditions related to time and space have been hinted or implied. For example, the scene took place in the morning or afternoon of a certain day of a certain year, and the real time in these drama spaces becomes the basic conditions that lighting design can follow to determine the direction and color of the light source, such as Use the light to create the effect of afternoon sunlight, or the effect of early morning in winter, or the effect of maple red leaves in autumn, etc. (3) Color the stage screen to set the atmosphere (mood): The stage space is a canvas, and the stage, scenery, clothing and other objects will not be seen by people without lights, so light is a tool for directors and designers , brushes, and paints, coloring the stage picture bit by bit.
This has a double meaning: one is that the scenery and costumes are seen by the audience, showing its original color; the other is the color of the light itself, which can create a certain atmosphere and effect on the stage; For example, the colored light of lamps is often divided into two systems: one is cold color light, the other is warm color light. The cold color light is mainly blue, while the warm color light is yellowish or reddish. Completely different sensory sensations, this basic feeling and the setting of the atmosphere can help actors perform and perform actions on the stage, which is an effect achieved through stage lighting. (4) Shaping space and form: Stage lighting can clearly cut the stage space, separate each performance area, as well as the background, middle ground, foreground and other levels, present the depth of field of the stage, and achieve a complete visual effect. Furthermore, lighting also plays a very important role in the use of space in different theater forms.
(3) How to make lighting Performing arts attaches great importance to practical experience, so people who study the art of lighting, in addition to learning theory and the use of equipment in the classroom, practical experience accounts for a huge weight. Novices are like little apprentices, following the master to adjust the angle and install colored paper... Through actual operation, to continuously accumulate experience.
The first step in stage lighting design - of course, is to read the script!! But the reading focus and angle are different from those of the actors. rhythm, intensity, color. Because the design is such an abstract performance art, most designers think that the most important thing in learning is to understand life, and everything in life is worthy of attention and care. In personal life, you can dabble in music, art, history or Chinese poetry, ancient paintings, etc.
In fact, the absorption of information and the observation of works are very important. The lighting design must be discussed with the director, set designer, and makeup artist to further communicate and compromise in order to seek a unified interpretation angle. Of course, rehearsals cannot be missed.